Genetic Predisposition Impacts Clinical Changes in a Lifestyle Coaching Program

Niha Zubair, Matthew P. Conomos, Leroy Hood, Gilbert S. Omenn, Nathan D. Price, Bonnie J. Spring, Andrew T. Magis, Jennifer C. Lovejoy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both genetic and lifestyle factors contribute to an individual’s disease risk, suggesting a multi-omic approach is essential for personalized prevention. Studies have examined the effectiveness of lifestyle coaching on clinical outcomes, however, little is known about the impact of genetic predisposition on the response to lifestyle coaching. Here we report on the results of a real-world observational study in 2531 participants enrolled in a commercial “Scientific Wellness” program, which combines multi-omic data with personalized, telephonic lifestyle coaching. Specifically, we examined: 1) the impact of this program on 55 clinical markers and 2) the effect of genetic predisposition on these clinical changes. We identified sustained improvements in clinical markers related to cardiometabolic risk, inflammation, nutrition, and anthropometrics. Notably, improvements in HbA1c were akin to those observed in landmark trials. Furthermore, genetic markers were associated with longitudinal changes in clinical markers. For example, individuals with genetic predisposition for higher LDL-C had a lesser decrease in LDL-C on average than those with genetic predisposition for average LDL-C. Overall, these results suggest that a program combining multi-omic data with lifestyle coaching produces clinically meaningful improvements, and that genetic predisposition impacts clinical responses to lifestyle change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6805
JournalScientific reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Zubair, N., Conomos, M. P., Hood, L., Omenn, G. S., Price, N. D., Spring, B. J., Magis, A. T., & Lovejoy, J. C. (2019). Genetic Predisposition Impacts Clinical Changes in a Lifestyle Coaching Program. Scientific reports, 9(1), [6805]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-43058-0