Genetics of circadian rhythms

Tomas S. Andreani, Taichi Q. Itoh, Evrim Yildirim, Dae Sung Hwangbo, Ravi Allada*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nearly all organisms exhibit time-dependent behavior and physiology across a 24-hour day known as circadian rhythms. These outputs are manifestations of endogenous cyclic gene expression patterns driven by the activity of a core transcription/translation feedback loop. Cyclic gene expression determines highly tissue-specific functional activity regulating such processes as metabolic state, endocrine activity, and neural excitability. Entrainment of these cellular clocks is achieved through exogenous daily inputs, such as light and food. Dysregulation of the transcription/translation feedback loop has been shown to result in a wide range of disorders and diseases driving increased interest in circadian therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-421
Number of pages9
JournalSleep Medicine Clinics
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Circadian
  • Clock
  • Entrainment
  • Genetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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