Genitourinary Symptoms in Breast Cancer Survivors: Prevalence, Correlates, and Relationship With Sexual Functioning

Ying Sheng, Janet S. Carpenter, Andrea A. Cohee, Susan Storey, Timothy E. Stump, Patrick O. Monahan, David Cella, Victoria L. Champion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (a) the prevalence of genitourinary symptoms, (b) which demographic and clinical factors predict genitourinary symptoms, and (c) the association between genitourinary symptoms and sexual functioning in breast cancer survivors. SAMPLE & SETTING: A secondary analysis of cross-sectional, patient-reported outcomes data from 1,085 breast cancer survivors was conducted. METHODS & VARIABLES: Prevalence and correlations with demographics, clinical factors, and sexual functioning were identified using descriptive analysis, multivariable logistic regression analysis, chi-square tests, t tests, and Pearson correlation coefficients. RESULTS: Symptoms included vaginal/vulvar irritation, pelvic discomfort, problems with urinary control, vaginal infection, and vaginal bleeding. Younger age, more comorbidities, and taking treatment for menopausal symptoms were significantly related to reporting genitourinary symptoms. Experiencing more symptoms was associated with lower sexual functioning. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: The prevalence, correlates, and relationship of genitourinary symptoms with sexual functioning supports the assessment and treatment of these symptoms as part of routine care for breast cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-241
Number of pages13
JournalOncology nursing forum
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • breast cancer survivors
  • genitourinary symptoms
  • sexual functioning
  • vaginal atrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology(nursing)

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