Genome-wide analysis reveals TNFAIP8L2 as an immune checkpoint regulator of inflammation and metabolism

Ting Li, Wei Wang, Shunyou Gong, Honghong Sun, Huqin Zhang, An Gang Yang, Youhai H. Chen, Xinyuan Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The interplay between inflammation and metabolism is widely recognized, yet the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly characterized. Using experimental database mining and genome-wide gene expression profiling methods, we found that in contrast to other TNFAIP8 family members, TNFAIP8L2 (TIPE2) was preferentially expressed in human myeloid cell types. In addition, Tnfaip8l2 expression drastically decreased in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages. Consequently, Tnfaip8l2 deficiency led to heightened expression of genes that were enriched for leukocyte activation and lipid biosynthesis pathways. Furthermore, mitochondrial respiration rate was increased in Tnfaip8l2-deficient macrophages, as measured by Seahorse metabolic analyzer. Taken together, these results indicate that Tnfaip8l2 serves as a “brake” for immunometabolism, which needs to be released for optimized metabolic reprogramming as well as mounting effective inflammatory responses. The unique anti-inflammatory and metabolic-modulatory function of TNFAIP8L2 renders it a novel therapeutic target for cardiovascular diseases and cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-162
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume99
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Immunometabolism
  • Inflammation
  • Lipid metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology

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