Gestational weight gain and neonatal adiposity in the hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome study-North American region

Sylvia E. Badon*, Alan R. Dyer, Jami L. Josefson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To examine the associations between gestational weight gain (GWG) exceeding Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines and neonatal adiposity in the five North American field centers of the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome study. Methods GWG was categorized as less than, within, or greater than 2009 IOM guidelines. Birthweight, body fat percentage, cord serum C-peptide, and sum of neonatal flank, subscapular, and triceps skin fold thicknesses were dichotomized as >90th percentile or ≤90th percentile obtained by quantile regression. Logistic regression analysis was used. Results Of the 5297 participants, 11.6% gained less, 31.9% gained within, and 56.5% gained more than the recommendation. With adjustment for glucose tolerance levels, normal and overweight women who gained more than the recommendation had increased odds of delivering infants with sum of skin folds >90th percentile (OR = 1.75 and 4.77, respectively) and percentage body fat >90th percentile (OR = 2.41 and 2.59, respectively), and normal weight and obese women who gained more than the recommendation had increased odds of delivering infants with birthweight >90th percentile (OR = 2.80 and 1.93, respectively) compared to women who gained within the recommendation. Conclusions This analysis showed independent associations between exceeding IOM GWG recommendations and neonatal adiposity in normal and overweight women, controlling for glucose tolerance levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1731-1738
Number of pages8
JournalObesity
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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