Global Perspectives in Hospitalized Heart Failure: Regional and Ethnic Variation in Patient Characteristics, Management, and Outcomes

Andrew P. Ambrosy, Mihai Gheorghiade, Ovidiu Chioncel, Robert J. Mentz, Javed Butler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) is a public health problem of global proportions afflicting more than 25 million patients worldwide. Despite stable or declining per capita hospitalization rates in the USA and several European countries, there are over one million hospitalizations for HF annually in the USA, with similar numbers in Europe, accounting for 6.5 million hospital days and the majority of the approximately $40 billion spent each year on HF-related care. Moreover, clinical trial data suggest that post-discharge survival and readmissions have largely remained unchanged. Thus, understanding geographic and ethnic variations in HF is essential to formulating public policy at the local, national, regional, and international levels and setting the agenda for basic, translational, and clinical research endeavors. This paper aims to describe regional and ethnic variations in patient characteristics, management, and outcomes in hospitalized HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)416-427
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent heart failure reports
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 7 2014

Keywords

  • Ethnicity
  • Geographic region
  • Heart failure
  • International
  • Race
  • Variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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