The initial application and validation of the finite-domain time-difference (FDTD) method to model impulsive ELF propagation withint he entire Earth-ionosphere cavity was reported. This technique permits direct, 3-D, time-domain calculation of impulsive, round-the-world ELF propagation accounting for arbitrary horizontal as well as vertical geometrical and electrical inhomogeneities and anisotropies of the excitation, ionosphere, lithosphere, and oceans.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society, AP-S International Symposium (Digest)|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering