Glucocorticoids fail to inhibit arachidonic acid metabolism stimulated by hydrogen peroxide in the alveolar macrophage

P. H S Sporn*, T. M. Murphy, M. Peters-Golden

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated that the biologically important oxidant hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) triggers release and metabolism of arachidonic acid (AA) in the alveolar macrophage (AM). In this study, we evaluated the ability of glucocorticoids to inhibit rat AM AA metabolism stimulated by H2O2, as compared to the particulate zymosan. Methylprednisolone and other glucocorticoids failed to significantly inhibit release of AA stimulated by H2O2, while markedly reducing AA release in response to zymosan. Similarly, methylprednisolone only weakly inhibited synthesis of thromboxane (Tx)B2 stimulated by H2O2, while inhibiting zymosan-induced eicosanoid to a marked degree. On the other hand, the phospholipase inhibitor mepacrine strongly inhibited AA release and TxB2 formation stimulated by both H2O2 and zymosan, indicating that H2O2-induced AA metabolism is indeed susceptible to pharmacologic inhibition. The failure of glucocorticoids to inhibit AA metabolism stimulated by H2O2 in the AM may in part explain their inability to ameliorate oxidant-mediated lung inflammation and injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-88
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • lung inflammation
  • mepacrine
  • methylprednisolone
  • oxidants
  • thromboxane
  • zymosan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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