We believe that there are the following four classes of glucocorticoid- sensitive cytokines that are involved in cell recruitment: (1) those that activate endothelium nonspecifically; (2) those that activate endothelium specifically; (3) those that activate, prime, and prolong the survival of eosinophils; and (4) those that stimulate movement of cells up into the epithelium. Glucocorticoids inhibit the generation of these cytokines and thereby prevent several different aspects of inflamation, including the activation and recruitment of inflammatory cells (eosinophils, basophils, and lymphocytes) and the release of inflammatory mediators. We believe such pleiotropic actions account for the efficacy and widespread use of glucocorticoids in the treatment of asthma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy