OBJECTIVE - A cohort of people (n = 86) was examined in the first few months after insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) diagnosis to evaluate the effect of hyperglycemia on nerve conduction velocities and latencies. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Unselected cases with IDDM, who were 6-29 yr of age, were identified at diagnosis from a large, geographically defined area of southern Wisconsin. Peripheral nerve conduction was measured on a sample from this cohort. RESULTS - Peroneal nerve conduction velocity was significantly inversely related to glycosylated hemoglobin (P < 0.05, age and height adjusted). All other nerve conduction velocities and latencies (median motor, median sensory, and sural) showed the same tendency, but the associations were not statistically significant. Twenty-four-hour urine C-peptide and duration of diabetes (3-11 mo) were not consistently related to nerve conduction parameters after controlling for age and height. CONCLUSIONS - These findings suggest that as early as 5-6 mo after diabetes diagnosis, and at a time frequently characterized by partial remission of IDDM, hyperglycemia has a role in the acute slowing of nerve conduction velocity. Other factors such as residual endogenous insulin production do not appear to influence these early changes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing