Goal-Concordant Care in the Era of Advanced Stroke Therapies

Leonard L. Sokol*, Joshua M. Hauser, Hillary D. Lum, Jodi Forlizzi, Moran Cerf, Fan Z. Caprio, Michael J. Young

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stroke is a leading cause of disability and mortality worldwide. Recent advances in stroke care now enable patients with severe ischemic stroke owing to large vessel occlusion to safely undergo endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) up to 24 hours since their time of last known well, with the goal of improving functional outcomes by recanalization of the occluded vessel and reperfusion of downstream ischemic brain tissue. The objective of this analysis is to highlight clinical and ethical challenges related to ensuring goal-concordant care in this era of unprecedented advances in acute stroke care. Specifically, there is a salient challenge of whether advanced therapies such as EVT may be justifiably considered comfort focused, given their potential to preempt accumulated neurologic disability and suffering at the end of life. Through the lens of a patient case, we discuss key challenges, lessons learned, and suggestions for future care and research endeavors at the intersection of acute stroke care and palliative care principles. Although therapies such as thrombolysis and EVT may be considered aggressive prima facie, their potential to ameliorate additional disability and potential suffering at the end of life prompt close consideration of the proper role of these therapies on a case-by-case basis in the context of comfort-focused care. Modification to the workflow for EVT evaluations may facilitate goal-concordant care and timely resource allocation, especially for cases that involve hospital-to-hospital transfers for advanced stroke care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-301
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of palliative medicine
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • advance care planning
  • goals of care
  • hospital transfers
  • stroke
  • thrombectomy
  • withdrawal of interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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