Goldschmidtite, (K,REE,Sr)(Nb,Cr)O3: A new perovskite supergroup mineral found in diamond from Koffiefontein, South Africa

Nicole A. Meyer, Michelle D. Wenz, James P.S. Walsh, Steven D. Jacobsen, Andrew J. Locock, Jeffrey W. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Goldschmidtite is a new perovskite-group mineral (IMA No. 2018-034) with the ideal formula (K,REE,Sr)(Nb,Cr)O3. A single grain of goldschmidtite with a maximum dimension of ∼100 u;m was found as an inclusion in a diamond from the Koffiefontein pipe in South Africa. In addition to the dark green and opaque goldschmidtite, the diamond contained a Cr-rich augite (websteritic paragenesis) and an intergrowth of chromite, Mg-silicate, and unidentified K-Sr-REE-Nb-oxide. Geothermobarometry of the augite indicates that the depth of formation was ∼170 km. The chemical composition of gold-schmidtite determined by electron microprobe analysis (n = 11, WDS, wt%) is: NbO5 44.82, TiO 0.44, ThO 0.10, AlO 0.35, CrO 7.07, LaO 11.85, CeO 6.18, FeO 1.96, MgO 0.70, CaO 0.04, SrO 6.67, BaO 6.82, KO 11.53, total 98.53. The empirical formula (expressed to two decimal places) is (K0.50La0.15Sr0.13Ba0.09Ce0.08)ς0.95(Nb0.70Cr0.19Fe0.05Al0.01Mg0.04Ti0.01)ς1.00O3. Goldschmidtite is cubic, space group Pm3m, with unit-cell parameters: a = 3.9876(1) Å, V = 63.404(6) Å3, Z = 1, resulting in a calculated density of 5.32(3) g/cm3. Goldschmidtite is the K-analog of isolueshite, (Na,La)NbO3. Raman spectra of goldschmidtite exhibit many second-order broad bands at 100 to 700 cm-1 as well as a pronounced peak at 815 cm-1, which is possibly a result of local ordering of Nb and Cr at the B site. The name goldschmidtite is in honor of the eminent geochemist Victor Moritz Goldschmidt (1888-1947), who formalized perovskite crystal chemistry and identified KNbO as a perovskite-structured compound.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1345-1350
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume104
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2019

Keywords

  • Kaapvaal
  • Koffiefontein
  • Perovskite
  • diamond inclusion
  • mantle
  • new mineral
  • niobium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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