Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has been shown to enhance CD20 antigen expression, augment antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, and stimulate immune cell proliferation. This may lead to an improved anti-tumor effect of rituximab while reducing the severity of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) in sequential combination with GM-CSF priming and rituximab in previously untreated patients (n = 39) with diffuse-large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). CHOP was administered every 21 days on day 1, GM-CSF 250 μg/m 2/day on days 9 through 15, and rituximab 375 mg/m 2 on day 15 of each cycle. The overall response rate was 87%, with complete response in 64%. At a median follow-up of 84.3 months, the overall and progression-free survival rates were 54% and 49%, respectively. The most common toxicity was myelosuppression. Sequential combination of CHOP with GM-CSF priming and rituximab was feasible and effective, warranting further evaluation.
- Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
- Immune priming
- Mantle cell lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research