Graphene-based cardiac sensors and actuators

Alex Savchenko*, Dmitry Kireev, Rose T. Yin, Igor R. Efimov, Elena Molokanova*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Graphene, a 2D carbon allotrope, is revolutionizing many biomedical applications due to its unique mechanical, electrical, thermal, and optical properties. When bioengineers realized that these properties could dramatically enhance the performance of cardiac sensors and actuators and may offer fundamentally novel technological capabilities, the field exploded with numerous studies developing new graphene-based systems and testing their limits. Here we will review the link between specific properties of graphene and mechanisms of action of cardiac sensors and actuators, analyze the performance of these systems from inaugural studies to the present, and offer future perspectives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1168667
JournalFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
StatePublished - 2023


  • cardiac
  • graphene
  • graphene biosensors
  • graphene electrodes
  • graphene field electric transistors
  • graphene-mediated optical stimulation
  • optoelectronics
  • pacemaker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Histology
  • Biomedical Engineering


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