GRASP reconstruction amplified with view-sharing and KWIC filtering reduces underestimation of peak velocity in highly-accelerated real-time phase-contrast MRI: A preliminary evaluation in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease

Huili Yang*, Kyung Pyo Hong, Justin J. Baraboo, Lexiaozi Fan, Andrine Larsen, Michael Markl, Joshua D. Robinson, Cynthia K. Rigsby, Daniel Kim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To develop a highly-accelerated, real-time phase contrast (rtPC) MRI pulse sequence with 40 fps frame rate (25 ms effective temporal resolution). Methods: Highly-accelerated golden-angle radial sparse parallel (GRASP) with over regularization may result in temporal blurring, which in turn causes underestimation of peak velocity. Thus, we amplified GRASP performance by synergistically combining view-sharing (VS) and k-space weighted image contrast (KWIC) filtering. In 17 pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), the conventional GRASP and the proposed GRASP amplified by VS and KWIC (or GRASP + VS + KWIC) reconstruction for rtPC MRI were compared with respect to clinical standard PC MRI in measuring hemodynamic parameters (peak velocity, forward volume, backward volume, regurgitant fraction) at four locations (aortic valve, pulmonary valve, left and right pulmonary arteries). Results: The proposed reconstruction method (GRASP + VS + KWIC) achieved better effective spatial resolution (i.e., image sharpness) compared with conventional GRASP, ultimately reducing the underestimation of peak velocity from 17.4% to 6.4%. The hemodynamic metrics (peak velocity, volumes) were not significantly (p > 0.99) different between GRASP + VS + KWIC and clinical PC, whereas peak velocity was significantly (p < 0.007) lower for conventional GRASP. RtPC with GRASP + VS + KWIC also showed the ability to assess beat-to-beat variation and detect the highest peak among peaks. Conclusion: The synergistic combination of GRASP, VS, and KWIC achieves 25 ms effective temporal resolution (40 fps frame rate), while minimizing the underestimation of peak velocity compared with conventional GRASP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1965-1977
Number of pages13
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Volume91
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • compressed sensing
  • flow
  • pediatric
  • phase contrast
  • radial MRI
  • real-time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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