Greater Minority Stress is Associated with Lower Intentions to Disclose Suicidal Thoughts among LGBTQ + Youth

Cindy J. Chang*, John Kellerman, Brian A. Feinstein, Edward A. Selby, Jeremy T. Goldbach

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Objective: The current study examined suicide-related disclosure intentions in LGBTQ + youth, and the associations between reporting of lifetime experiences of minority stress and intentions to disclose suicidal thoughts. Method: A sample of 592 LGBTQ + youth ages 12–24 (22.3% cisgender men, 33.1% cisgender women, 44.6% gender diverse, 75.3% white) who contacted an LGBTQ-specific crisis service, completed a survey. Results: Youth reported highest intentions to disclose future suicidal ideation to LGBTQ-specific crisis services, a mental health professional, and someone they know who also identifies as LGBTQ. They reported lowest suicide-related disclosure intentions to family, spiritual counselors, and emergency room personnel. Greater lifetime minority stress was significantly associated with lower suicide-related disclosure intentions. When specific domains of minority stress were examined separately, five domains were significantly associated with lower suicide-related disclosure intentions: identity management, family rejection, homonegative communication, negative expectancies, and internalized homonegativity. However, only internalized homonegativity remained significant when they were examined simultaneously. In addition, greater lifetime minority stress was significantly associated with lower suicide-related disclosure intentions to some groups (e.g., family, friends), but not others (e.g., others who have thought about or attempted suicide, others who identify as LGBT). Conclusions: Minority stress may play an important role in LGBTQ + youth’s suicide-related disclosure intentions. As such, reducing minority stress and its effects may be an important target to promote disclosure of suicidal thoughts and access to treatment among LGBTQ + youth.HIGHLIGHTS Minority stress was associated with lower suicide-related disclosure intentions. Internalized homonegativity was uniquely associated with disclosure intentions. Reducing minority stress may promote disclosure of suicidal thoughts.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalArchives of Suicide Research
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - 2020

    Keywords

    • Disclosure
    • LGBT
    • minority stress
    • suicide

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Clinical Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

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