Groundwater pollution control

D. W. Watkins, Jr., D. C. McKinney, D. P. Morton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Groundwater is an important source of potable water because it is abundant and readily available in many locations and often requires little or no treatment. In 1995, groundwater accounted for approximately 20% of potable water use in the United States, and approximately 50% of the U.S. population relied on groundwater for their source of drinking water. In most European countries, groundwater accounts for 10% to 50% of potable water use [1]. Unfortunately, various human activities have resulted in the overuse or degradation of many groundwater resource systems. Overpumping (or groundwater mining, the extraction of groundwater at rates higher than natural recharge rates) has led to increased pumping costs, land subsidence, saltwater intrusion into freshwater aquifers, and limited ability to achieve sustainable social and economic systems. Large-scale groundwater pollution has resulted from the use of agricultural chemicals, and localized pollution has resulted from industrial discharges, improper hazardous waste disposal, landfill seepage, and leaky underground storage tanks. Since the management of a groundwater system can be a complex task, a systems analysis framework is frequently used to address groundwater pollution problems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationApplications of Stochastic Programming
EditorsS. W. Wallace, W. T. Ziemba
Pages409-424
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Publication series

NameMPS-SIAM Series on Optimization
NameMPS-SIAM Series on Optimization
Number21

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