Group-Based Dominance and Opposition to Equality Correspond to Different Psychological Motives

Matthew B. Kugler, Joel Cooper, Brian A. Nosek

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    42 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Social Dominance Orientation, one of the most popular individual differences measures in the study of generalized prejudice, can be understood as having two components: Opposition to Equality (OEQ) and support for Group-Based Dominance (GBD). We consider these components in terms of system justification theory and social identity theory. We find that each component best explains different kinds of political views, consistent with the theory that they arise from different motivations. OEQ reflects system justification motives. It better predicts attitudes towards redistributive social policy, political conservatism, and a lack of humanitarian compassion for the disadvantaged. GBD reflects social identity motives. It is more associated with hostility toward outgroups and concerns about intergroup competition. GBD and OEQ have different personality and demographic correlates, exhibit distinctive relations with explicit and implicit attitudinal preferences, and differentially predict a variety of policy attitudes. Use of GBD and OEQ as separate constructs enriches the understanding of prejudice, policy attitudes, and political ideology.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)117-155
    Number of pages39
    JournalSocial Justice Research
    Volume23
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 22 2010

    Keywords

    • Authoritarianism
    • Political psychology
    • Prejudice
    • Social Dominance Orientation
    • Social identity
    • System justification

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Anthropology
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Law

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