Streptococci of Lancefield group C colonize healthy individuals but infrequently cause invasive disease. Eight pediatric cases of infection due to group C streptococci were identified in a retrospective survey of a recent 6-year period at a children’s hospital. An additional case of group C meningitis diagnosed in 1975 was included. These nine cases and 22 pediatric cases from the literature are presented to illustrate important points with respect to clinical presentations and complications and to show that these organisms can cause serious, sometimes fatal infection: pneumonitis, sinusitis, septicemia, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and meningitis. Group C streptococci are described in terms of their biochemical properties, the infections they cause in animals, and their tendency to produce disease in humans. With increasingly frequent serologic grouping of non-group A (5- hemolytic streptococci, recognition of the role of specific non-group A streptococci is likely to increase. The antimicrobial agent of choice for infections due to group C streptococci is penicillin G. The minimum inhibitory and minimum bactericidal concentrations for the organism should be determined since penicillin tolerance may occur and may be responsible for the slow response to penicillin therapy in some cases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)