Growth in Newborn Circumcisions Performed by Pediatric Urologists and Advanced Practice Providers Between 2010 and 2021 in the United States

Emilie K. Johnson*, Max J. Hyman, Camille Hardy, Max Maizels, Catherine M. Seager, Derek J. Matoka, Dennis B. Liu, Edward M. Gong, Jane L. Holl, Parth K. Modi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To characterize changes in the proportion of newborn circumcisions performed by pediatric urologists and advanced practiced providers (APPs) in the United States over the last decade. Methods: The Merative MarketScan Commercial Database was queried for newborn circumcision private health insurance claims (Common Procedural Terminology 54150) between 2010 and 2021. Setting (inpatient/outpatient), US Census Bureau region, clinician specialty, and patient age (days) were determined for the full study time period, and by study year. Simple linear regression assessed growth in proportion of newborn circumcisions performed by pediatric urologists and APPs (nurse practitioner/physician assistant/midwife), over time. Results: In total, 1,006,748 newborn circumcisions (59% inpatient) were identified; while most were performed by obstetricians (45%) or pediatricians (33%); APPs performed 0.9%, and pediatric urologists performed 0.7%. From 2010-2021, the proportion of newborn circumcisions performed by pediatric urologists increased from 0.3% to 2.0% and by APPs in from 0.5% to 2.9% (P < .001 for both). Growth for both pediatric urologists and APPs occurred APPs predominantly from 2016 to 2021. Trends in proportion of newborn circumcision performed by pediatricians was stable [31.5% (2010) and 32.5% (2021)], but decreased for obstetricians [48.8% (2014) and 38.1% (2021)]. Conclusion: The proportion of newborn circumcisions performed by pediatric urologists and APPs increased more than 6-fold between 2010 and 2021, though both specialties still perform a minority of newborn circumcisions. These data provide important baseline information for newborn circumcision workforce planning, including evaluating collaborative care models where pediatric urologists train APPs to perform circumcision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-211
Number of pages6
JournalUrology
Volume184
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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