GS-967 and eleclazine (GS-6615) are novel sodium channel inhibitors exhibiting antiarrhythmic effects in various in vitro and in vivo models. The antiarrhythmic mechanism has been attributed to preferential suppression of late sodium current (INaL). Here, we took advantage of a high throughput automated electrophysiology platform (SyncroPatch 768PE) to investigate the molecular pharmacology of GS-967 and eleclazine on peak sodium current (INaP) recorded from human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. We compared the effects of GS-967 and eleclazine with the antiarrhythmic drug lidocaine, the prototype INaL inhibitor ranolazine, and the slow inactivation enhancing drug lacosamide. In human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes, GS-967 and eleclazine caused a reduction of INaPin a frequencydependent manner consistent with use-dependent block (UDB). GS-967 and eleclazine had similar efficacy but evoked more potent UDB of INaP(IC50= 0.07 and 0.6 μM, respectively) than ranolazine (7.8 μM), lidocaine (133.5 μM), and lacosamide (158.5 μM). In addition, GS-967 and eleclazine exerted more potent effects on slow inactivation and recovery from inactivation compared with the other sodium channel blocking drugs we tested. The greater UDB potency of GS-967 and eleclazine was attributed to the higher association rates and moderate unbinding rate of these two compounds with sodium channels. We propose that substantial UDB contributes to the observed antiarrhythmic efficacy of GS-967 and eleclazine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine