Guest-specific diffusion anisotropy in nanoporous materials: Molecular dynamics and dynamic Monte Carlo simulations

P. Bräuer*, A. Brzank, L. A. Clark, R. Q. Snurr, J. Kärger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

For anisotropic nanoporous materials, guest diffusion is often reflected by a diffusion tensor rather than a scalar diffusion coefficient. Moreover, the resulting diffusion anisotropy may notably differ for different guest molecules. As a particular class of such systems, we consider an array of two types of channels, mutually intersecting each other, where the rates of diffusion in the different directions depend on the nature of the guest molecules. The simultaneous adsorption of two types of guest molecules is considered, as in technical applications of porous materials such as catalysis. A case study is presented in which atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) and coarse-grained dynamic Monte Carlo (DMC) simulations are compared and shown to yield qualitatively similar results for non-steady-state diffusion. The two techniques are complementary. MD simulations are able to predict the details of molecular propagation over distances of a few unit cells, whereas the evolution of sorption profiles over distances comparable with entire crystallites can be studied with DMC simulations. Consideration of these longer length and time scales is necessary for applications of such systems in chemical separations and heterogeneous catalysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-422
Number of pages6
JournalAdsorption
Volume12
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • Molecular simulation
  • Molecular traffic control
  • Zeolites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

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