Guidance on the use of miglustat for treating patients with type 1 Gaucher disease

Neal J. Weinreb*, John A. Barranger, Joel Charrow, Gregory A. Grabowski, Henry J. Mankin, Pramod Mistry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

Type 1 Gaucher disease (GD) is a progressive lysosomal storage disorder due to an autosomal recessive deficiency of glucocerebrosidase. Clinical manifestations include anemia, thrombocytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly, and bone and pulmonary disease. Intravenous enzyme replacement (ERT) with imiglucerase is the accepted standard for treatment of symptomatic patients. More than 3,500 patients worldwide have received ERT with well-documented beneficial effects on the hematological, visceral, skeletal, and pulmonary manifestations, and with resultant improvement in health-related quality of life. Miglustat, an imino sugar that reversibly inhibits glucosylceramide synthase and reduces intracellular substrate burden, is an oral treatment for patients with type 1 GD that was recently approved in the United States for symptomatic patients with mild to moderate clinical manifestations for whom ERT is not an option. Because responses to miglustat are slower and less robust than those observed with ERT, and because miglustat is associated with significant side effects, clinicians who care for patients with GD should become familiar with the limited indications for miglustat use and the circumstances when it may be prescribed appropriately. This review article and position statement represents the current opinion of American physicians with extensive expertise in GD regarding patient management in the context of the availability of standard imiglucerase treatment and the recent introduction of miglustat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-229
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Hematology
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005

Keywords

  • Enzyme replacement therapy
  • Gaucher disease
  • Miglustat
  • Substrate reduction therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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    Weinreb, N. J., Barranger, J. A., Charrow, J., Grabowski, G. A., Mankin, H. J., & Mistry, P. (2005). Guidance on the use of miglustat for treating patients with type 1 Gaucher disease. American Journal of Hematology, 80(3), 223-229. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajh.20504