Guidelines for in vivo mouse models of myocardial infarction

Merry L. Lindsey*, Keith R. Brunt, Jonathan A. Kirk, Petra Kleinbongard, John W. Calvert, Lisandra E. de Castro Brás, Kristine Y. DeLeon-Pennell, Dominic P. Del Re, Nikolaos G. Frangogiannis, Stefan Frantz, Richard J. Gumina, Ganesh V. Halade, Steven P. Jones, Rebecca H. Ritchie, Francis G. Spinale, Edward B. Thorp, Crystal M. Ripplinger, Zamaneh Kassiri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Despite significant improvements in reperfusion strategies, acute coronary syndromes all too often culminate in a myocardial infarction (MI). The consequent MI can, in turn, lead to remodeling of the left ventricle (LV), the development of LV dysfunction, and ultimately progression to heart failure (HF). Accordingly, an improved understanding of the underlying mechanisms of MI remodeling and progression to HF is necessary. One common approach to examine MI pathology is with murine models that recapitulate components of the clinical context of acute coronary syndrome and subsequent MI. We evaluated the different approaches used to produce MI in mouse models and identified opportunities to consolidate methods, recognizing that reperfused and nonreperfused MI yield different responses. The overall goal in compiling this consensus statement is to unify best practices regarding mouse MI models to improve interpretation and allow comparative examination across studies and laboratories. These guidelines will help to establish rigor and reproducibility and provide increased potential for clinical translation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1056-H1073
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Cardiac
  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Rigor and reproducibility
  • Rodent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology


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