Few guidelines have greater acceptance than that for management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Despite this, areas remain controversial, and new challenges continue to emerge. Current guidelines differ from those of northern European countries predominantly in need for macrolide combination with β-lactams for hospitalized, non–intensive care unit patients. A preponderance of evidence favors combination therapy. Challenges for current and future CAP guidelines include new antibiotic classes, emergence of viruses as major causes for CAP, new diagnostic modalities, alternative risk stratification for pathogens resistant to usual CAP antibiotics, and evidence-based management of severe CAP, including immunomodulatory therapy such as corticosteroids.
- Community-acquired pneumonia
- Viral pneumonia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine