Head and neck blocks in children

Dawn Belvis*, Polina Voronov, Santhanam Suresh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiple techniques for postoperative pain control have been successfully described in children undergoing surgical procedures of the head and neck. Most of them are pharmacological modalities that may be associated with adverse side effects. Acetaminophen often cannot provide adequate pain control for most painful procedures. NSAIDs like intravenous Ketorolac are used cautiously by surgeons secondary to the potential increased risk of bleeding. Opioids may predispose children to increased risk for postoperative nausea and vomiting, respiratory depression, somnolence, and itching. Regional techniques that are described in adult anesthesia can be used in a pediatric practice. In this article, we review the regional blocks of the head and neck that can be used for perioperative pain control in neurosurgery, plastic surgery, or otolaryngology surgeries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-214
Number of pages7
JournalTechniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

Keywords

  • Bupivacaine
  • Cervical plexus
  • Head
  • Neck
  • Pediatrics
  • Regional anesthesia
  • Trigeminal nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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