Head and neck blocks in children

Polina Voronov, Santhanam Suresh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present article will review the current technology and available literature regarding regional anesthesia in infants and children undergoing head and neck surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Regional anesthesia can be utilized in a variety of surgical procedures on the head and neck. The reporting of multiple techniques along with prospective randomized trials that have looked into the efficacy of these blocks in children have led to a sweeping increase in their use in children for postoperative pain relief. SUMMARY: The trigeminal nerve, along with the cervical nerve roots, supplies most of the sensory supply to the head and neck. The knowledge and application of the anatomical distribution of this area can increase the utilization of these blocks for a variety of different settings. The increased use of these blocks can reduce the need for additional postoperative analgesic that could in turn lead to fast-tracking of these patients and decrease the incidence of nausea and vomiting in the postoperative period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-322
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in anaesthesiology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

Keywords

  • Children
  • Head and neck
  • Nausea
  • Nerve blocks
  • Postoperative pain
  • Trigeminal nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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