Health Care Professionals and Intersex Conditions

Joel Frader*, Priscilla Alderson, Adrienne Asch, Cassandra Aspinall, Dena Davis, Alice Dreger, James Edwards, Ellen K. Feder, Arthur Frank, Lisa Abelow Hedley, Eva Kittay, Jeffrey Marsh, Paul Steven Miller, Wendy Mouradian, Hilde Nelson, Erik Parens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


As part of a larger project, a multidisciplinary group convened by The Hastings Center, Garrison, NY, met to consider medical, psychosocial, and ethical issues associated with the care of children born with atypical genitalia or later found to have other conditions now commonly grouped together as "intersex." These children may have congenital adrenal hyperplasia, gonadal dysgenesis, hypospadias, partial or complete androgen insensitivity syndrome, etc. This commentary reflects the deliberations of the group, which concluded that none of the appearance-altering surgeries need to be performed quickly; families with children with intersex conditions require multidisciplinary care; children with intersex conditions deserve to know the truth about their bodies; families and health care professionals will benefit from rigorous longitudinal studies; and health care professionals need additional training about intersex conditions and sexual health generally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)426-428
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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