Health care provider perceptions of fertility preservation barriers and challenges with transgender patients and families: qualitative responses to an international survey

Amy C. Tishelman*, Megan E. Sutter, Diane Chen, Amani Sampson, Leena Nahata, Victoria D. Kolbuck, Gwendolyn P. Quinn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To examine provider perceptions of practice behaviors and barriers related to fertility counseling, fertility preservation, and family building among transgender patients. Methods: Participants were medical and mental health professionals who treat adult and youth transgender patients. Recruitment occurred online and in person, via professional listservs for transgender professionals, conferences, and gender clinics. From August–November 2017, 110 participants representing nine countries responded to four open-ended questions included on a survey related to provider practice behaviors and perceived barriers to fertility counseling, fertility preservation, and family building with transgender patients. Thematic coding analysis was used to identify themes. Results: Multiple themes were identified including the following: access and cost issues; urgency for gender-affirming treatment; patient maturity and inability to make future-oriented decisions; and provider-related challenges pertaining to knowledge, role, and general lack of information in the nascent field of transgender reproductive health. Conclusion(s): This study yielded insights into practice behaviors, challenges, and perceived barriers to fertility counseling with transgender individuals and can serve as a basis for intervention development to optimize clinical practices with this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-588
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2019

Keywords

  • Fertility counseling
  • Fertility preservation
  • Gender-affirming hormones
  • Qualitative research
  • Reproductive health
  • Transgender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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