Health literacy and patient knowledge in a Southern US HIV clinic

Michael Wolf*, T. C. Davis, J. T. Cross, E. Marin, K. Green, C. L. Bennett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pharmaceutical management of HIV infection is complex, and proper adherence to antiretroviral regimens is contingent on active patient involvement in treatment. We examined the relationship between patient understanding of HIV and its treatment and health literacy. Structured interviews were conducted with 157 HIV-infected individuals receiving care at a community-based clinic in Shreveport, Louisiana, USA. In all, 48% of patients were reading below a 9th grade level. One-third of patients could not name their HIV medications and this was significantly related to low literacy (P < 0.01). Two-thirds of those reading below the 9th grade level did not know how to take their medications correctly (P < 0.05), and 75% did not know the meaning of a CD4 count or viral load (P < 0.001). Patients with low literacy skills were more likely to state that their physician was their sole source of HIV information (P < 0.005). Physicians may require training to appropriately convey health information to patients of low literacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-752
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2004

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • HIV
  • Knowledge
  • Literacy
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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