Health processes in personality

Nicholas A. Turiano, Nicole M. Silva Belanger, Rebekah L. Damitz, Patrick L. Hill, Daniel K. Mroczek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

With personality traits emerging as robust predictors of a variety of health outcomes and longevity, this chapter summarizes the underlying processes that explain how certain personality characteristics result in poor health. Specifically, personality traits influence health outcomes through the behaviors one engages in, the physiological arousal to stress, and through engagement in social interactions. The chapter highlights both theoretical and empirical evidence supporting these mechanisms, and also discusses the methodological limitations of current research and future directions to remedy these issues. The chapter also presents the Personality and Health Processes (PHP) Model to guide future work linking personality to health and longevity. The chapter ends with a discussion of the translational potential of using personality to improve lifespan health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Handbook of Personality Dynamics and Processes
PublisherElsevier
Pages1251-1271
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9780128139950
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Keywords

  • Big five taxonomy
  • Immune system
  • Mechanism
  • Personality traits
  • Physical activity
  • Social interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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