OBJECTIVES: To serially evaluate health-related quality of life during the first year after community-acquired septic shock in children with preexisting severe developmental disabilities and explore factors associated with health-related quality of life changes in these children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Life after Pediatric Sepsis Evaluation investigation. SETTING: Twelve academic PICU in the United States. PATIENTS: Children greater than or equal to 1 month and less than 18 years old identified by their family caregiver (e.g., parent/guardian) as having severe developmental disability prior to septic shock. INTERVENTIONS: Family caregivers completed the Stein-Jessop Functional Status II-R Short Form as a measure of their child's health-related quality of life at baseline (reflecting preadmission status), day 7, and months 1, 3, 6, and 12 following PICU admission. Stein-Jessop Functional Status II-R Short Form scores were linearly transformed to a 0-100 scale, with higher scores indicating better health-related quality of life. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of 392 Life after Pediatric Sepsis Evaluation participants, 137 were identified by their caregiver as having a severe developmental disability. Sixteen children (11.6%) with severe disability died during the 12 months following septic shock. Among 121 survivors, Stein-Jessop Functional Status II-R Short Form scores declined from preadmission baseline to day 7 (70.7 ± 16.1 vs 55.6 ± 19.2; p < 0.001). Stein-Jessop Functional Status II-R Short Form scores remained below baseline through month 12 (59.1 ± 21.0, p < 0.001 vs baseline). After adjusting for baseline Stein-Jessop Functional Status II-R Short Form, the caregiver being a single parent/guardian was associated with lower month 3 Stein-Jessop Functional Status II-R Short Form scores (p = 0.041). No other baseline child or caregiver characteristic, or critical illness-related factors were significantly associated with month 3 Stein-Jessop Functional Status II-R Short Form scores. CONCLUSIONS: Health-related quality of life among children with severe developmental disability remains, on average, below baseline during the first year following community-acquired septic shock. Children with severe disability and septic shock that are in single parent families are at increased risk. Clinical awareness of the potential for decline in health-related quality of life among disabled children is essential to prevent this adverse outcome from being missed.
- developmental disability
- health-related quality of life
- septic shock
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine