Background Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in multiple endocrine neoplasia type-1 (MEN-1) is poorly described. HRQOL in MEN-1 was compared with other chronic conditions and the US general population. Methods Adults aged ≥18 years recruited from an MEN-1 support group (n=153) completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) 29-item profile. MEN-1 scores were compared with PROMIS scores reported in peer-reviewed literature from back pain (n=218), cancer (n=310), congestive heart failure (CHF; n=60), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; n=79), major depressive disorder (n=196), rheumatoid arthritis (RA; n=521), neuroendocrine tumors (NET; n=619), and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT; n=45) cohorts. Results Patients with MEN-1 reported worse anxiety (mean=61.7), depression (57.9), fatigue (62.2), pain interference (55.4), sleep disturbance (58.0), physical functioning (44.4), and social functioning (44.7) compared to normative data (50, P <.05) and greater anxiety, depression, and fatigue than patients with back pain, cancer, COPD, RA, NETs, and PHPT (P <.001). MEN-1 respondents had greater pain interference (55.4) than those with cancer (51.9), NETs (52.3), and PHPT (38.4, P <.05). Physical functioning was higher in individuals with MEN-1 (44.4) than in those with back pain (37.5), CHF (34.8), COPD (38.0), and RA (40.7, P <.01). Conclusion This is the first study to describe HRQOL in a large sample of adults with MEN-1. MEN-1respondents reported worse HRQOL across PROMIS 29-item profile measure domains compared with the US general population and higher levels of anxiety, depression, and fatigue compared with many other chronic conditions.
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