Heat shock cognate protein 70 (HSC70) has been shown to bind to the peptide corresponding to amino acids 197 to 216 of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) envelope protein, gp46, and an anti-HSC70 monoclonal antibody (mAb) inhibits HTLV-I-induced syncytium formation. These findings suggest that HSC70 is necessary for the entry of HTLV-I into its target cells. Here we showed that HSC70 directly binds to gp46 by co-immunoprecipitation of HSC70 and gp46 from HTLV-I-producing human T-cell lysate. However, transduction of human HSC70 cDNA into BaF3 cells, which were found to be highly resistant to HTLV-I infection, did not support the HTLV-I entry, and HSC70 expressed in NIH3T3 cells, which were found to be almost resistant to syncytium formation upon cocultivation with HTLV-I-producing cells but sensitive to infection with cell-free HTLV-I, enhanced cell fusion induced by HTLV-I-producing cells, but did not enhance the entry of cell-free HTLV-I into these cells. The mAb against HSC70 inhibited syncytium formation in NIH3T3 cells expressing HSC70, but showed little effect on infection of these cells with cell-free HTLV-I. These findings indicate that HSC70 markedly enhances syncytium formation induced by HTLV-I but does not facilitate HTLV-I entry into target cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Aug 2 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology