Heat shock inhibition of lipopolysaccharide-mediated tumor necrosis factor expression is associated with nuclear induction of MKP-1 and inhibition of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation

Lauren Sanlorenzo*, Bin Zhao, Donn Spight, Alvin G. Denenberg, Kristen Page, Hector R. Wong, Thomas P. Shanley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Application of heat shock before an inflammatory stimulus often results in an attenuated response to that stimulus. As a result, it has become increasingly appreciated that heat shock may induce cross-tolerance to a variety of stimuli based on in vitro and in vivo models. Circulating peripheral blood monocytes are key mediators of cytokine release following endotoxin challenge. The mitogen-activated protein kinases play a key role in the transcriptional regulation of this response including expression of tumor necrosis factor. As such, counterregulatory phosphatases that target mitogen-activated protein kinase may play a role in this heat shock-mediated effect. We hypothesized that prior heat shock to monocytes would induce a phosphatase, MKP-1, that regulated mitogen-activated protein kinase activity and subsequently conferred cross-tolerance to lipopolysaccharide stimulation. Design: Experimental. Setting: University research foundation laboratory. Subjects: THP-1 human monocyte cell line. Interventions: THP-1 cells were exposed to either heat shock (43°C, 1 hr) or normothermia (37°C, 1 hr) and allowed to recover before stimulation with endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide). Measurements and Main Results: Induction of a heat shock response was determined by heat shock protein-70 expression. Tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-10 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to assess heat shock inhibition of lipopolysaccharide-induced gene expression. The effect of heat shock on lipopolysaccharide-mediated activation of the p38 and ERK kinases was examined by measuring phospho-specific isoforms of p38 and ERK1/2 and correlated to in vitro kinase activity. Confirmatory data were generated from experiments employing either pharmacologic inhibition or genetic deletion of MKP-1. Heat shock induced the nuclear localized phosphatase, MKP-1, that attenuated p38 and ERK kinase activity resulting in significantly diminished tumor necrosis factor expression in response to lipopolysaccharide. Conclusions: The effect of heat shock on decreasing the tumor necrosis factor response to lipopolysaccharide is conferred by induction of MKP-1, which negatively regulates p38 and ERK kinases. Modulation of phosphatase activity may be a potential strategy for attenuating acute inflammatory responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2284-2292
Number of pages9
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2004

Keywords

  • ERK
  • Heat shock
  • MKP-1
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinases
  • Phosphatases
  • Tumor necrosis factor
  • p38

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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