Heat shock-mediated regulation of MKP-1

Hector R. Wong*, Katherine E. Dunsmore, Kristen Page, Thomas P. Shanley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heat shock modulates cellular proinflammatory responses, and we have been interested in elucidating the mechanisms that govern this modulation. The dual specific phosphatase, MAP kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1), is an important modulator of cellular inflammatory responses, and we recently reported that heat shock increases expression of MKP-1. Herein we sought to elucidate the mechanisms by which heat shock modulates MKP-1 gene expression. Subjecting RAW264.7 macrophages to heat shock increased MKP-1 gene expression in a time-dependent manner. Transfection with a wild-type murine MKP-1 promoter luciferase reporter plasmid demonstrated that heat shock activates the MKP-1 promoter. When the reporter plasmid was transfected into heat shock factor-1 (HSF-1)-null fibroblasts, the MKP-1 promoter was activated in response to heat shock in a manner similar to that of wild-type fibroblasts with intact HSF-1. Site-directed mutagenesis of two potential heat shock elements in the MKP-1 promoter demonstrated that both sites are required for basal promoter activity. mRNA stability assays demonstrated that heat shock increased MKP-1 mRNA stability compared with cells maintained at 37°C. Inhibition of p38 MAP kinase activity inhibited heat shock-mediated expression of MKP-1. These data demonstrate that heat shock regulates MKP-1 gene expression at both the transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels. Transcriptional mechanisms are HSF-1 independent but are dependent on putative heat shock elements in the MKP-1 promoter. Posttranscriptional mechanisms involve increased stability of MKP-1 mRNA that is partially dependent on p38 MAP kinase activity. These data demonstrate another potential mechanism by which heat shock can modulate inflammation-related signal transduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C1152-C1158
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume289
Issue number5 58-5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Endotoxin
  • Heat shock factor
  • Inflammation
  • Phosphatase
  • p38

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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