Heat shock-mediated regulation of MKP-1

Hector R. Wong*, Katherine E. Dunsmore, Kristen Page, Thomas P. Shanley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Heat shock modulates cellular proinflammatory responses, and we have been interested in elucidating the mechanisms that govern this modulation. The dual specific phosphatase, MAP kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1), is an important modulator of cellular inflammatory responses, and we recently reported that heat shock increases expression of MKP-1. Herein we sought to elucidate the mechanisms by which heat shock modulates MKP-1 gene expression. Subjecting RAW264.7 macrophages to heat shock increased MKP-1 gene expression in a time-dependent manner. Transfection with a wild-type murine MKP-1 promoter luciferase reporter plasmid demonstrated that heat shock activates the MKP-1 promoter. When the reporter plasmid was transfected into heat shock factor-1 (HSF-1)-null fibroblasts, the MKP-1 promoter was activated in response to heat shock in a manner similar to that of wild-type fibroblasts with intact HSF-1. Site-directed mutagenesis of two potential heat shock elements in the MKP-1 promoter demonstrated that both sites are required for basal promoter activity. mRNA stability assays demonstrated that heat shock increased MKP-1 mRNA stability compared with cells maintained at 37°C. Inhibition of p38 MAP kinase activity inhibited heat shock-mediated expression of MKP-1. These data demonstrate that heat shock regulates MKP-1 gene expression at both the transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels. Transcriptional mechanisms are HSF-1 independent but are dependent on putative heat shock elements in the MKP-1 promoter. Posttranscriptional mechanisms involve increased stability of MKP-1 mRNA that is partially dependent on p38 MAP kinase activity. These data demonstrate another potential mechanism by which heat shock can modulate inflammation-related signal transduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C1152-C1158
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number5 58-5
StatePublished - Nov 2005


  • Endotoxin
  • Heat shock factor
  • Inflammation
  • Phosphatase
  • p38

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology


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