Hemangioblastoma diagnosis and surveillance in von Hippel–Lindau disease: a consensus statement

Kristin Huntoon*, Matthew J. Shepard, Rimas V. Lukas, Ian E. McCutcheon, Anthony B. Daniels, Ashok R. Asthagiri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE Hemangioblastomas are a frequent underlying cause of neurological morbidity and death in patients with von Hippel–Lindau disease (VHL). Although these benign tumors can cause significant neurological debility when undetected and untreated, unified evidence-based surveillance recommendations for VHL patients have not been established. To develop consensus recommendations, the VHL Alliance established an expert committee, named the International VHL Surveillance Guidelines Consortium, to define surveillance recommendations. METHODS The Central Nervous System (CNS) Hemangioblastoma Subcommittee of the Guidelines Consortium was formed as a multidisciplinary team of experts in the diagnosis and management of hemangioblastomas. Recommendations were formulated using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) and National Comprehensive Cancer Network Categories of Evidence and Consensus categorization after a comprehensive literature review. RESULTS Published studies (n = 49) that discussed age at onset, MRI frequency, natural history of VHL, and the risks and benefits of surveillance were analyzed. Based on this analysis, the authors recommend that clinical evaluation (yearly) be used as the primary screening tool for hemangioblastomas in VHL. The subcommittee suggests that screening be performed between the ages of 11 and 65 years, or with the onset of symptoms, for synchronicity with other testing regimens in VHL. The subcommittee also recommends that baseline MRI be first performed at the age of 11 years (suggested 2B, level of evidence D) or after identification of neurological symptoms or signs (if earlier) and continue every 2 years (recommended 2A, level of evidence A). CONCLUSIONS The CNS Hemangioblastoma Subcommittee of the International VHL Surveillance Guidelines Consortium here proposes guidelines that aim to increase the early detection of VHL-associated hemangioblastomas to reduce their morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1511-1516
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2022


  • hemangioblastoma
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • oncology
  • surveillance
  • von Hippel–Lindau disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Hemangioblastoma diagnosis and surveillance in von Hippel–Lindau disease: a consensus statement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this