Hemodynamic response of the three macular capillary plexuses in dark adaptation and flicker stimulation using optical coherence tomography angiography

Peter L. Nesper, Hee Eun Lee, Alaa E. Fayed, Gregory William Schwartz, Fei Yu, Amani A Fawzi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE. To assess retinal microvascular reactivity during dark adaptation and the transition to ambient light and after flicker stimulation using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS. Fifteen eyes of 15 healthy participants were dark adapted for 45 minutes followed by OCTA imaging in the dark-adapted state. After 5 minutes of normal lighting, subjects underwent OCTA imaging. Participants were then subjected to a flashing light-emitting diode (LED) light and repeat OCTA. Parafoveal vessel density and adjusted flow index (AFI) were calculated for superficial (SCP), middle (MCP), and deep capillary plexuses (DCP), and then compared between conditions after adjusting for age, refractive error, and scan quality. SCP vessel length density (VLD) was also evaluated. Between-condition capillary images were aligned and subtracted to identify differences. We then analyzed images from 10 healthy subjects during the transition from dark adaptation to ambient light. RESULTS. SCP vessel density was significantly higher while SCP VLD was significantly lower during ambient light and flicker compared to dark adaptation. There was a significant positive mean value for DCP “flicker minus dark or light,” suggesting more visible vessels during flicker due to changes in flow, dilation, or vessel recruitment. We found a significant, transient increase in SCP and decrease in both MCP and DCP vessel density during the transition from dark to light. CONCLUSIONS. We show evidence suggesting constriction of deeper vessels and dilation of large SCP vessels during the transition from dark to light. This contrasts to redistribution of blood flow to deeper layers during dark adaptation and flicker stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)694-703
Number of pages10
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

Dark Adaptation
Optical Coherence Tomography
Angiography
Hemodynamics
Light
Dilatation
Healthy Volunteers
Refractive Errors
Lighting
Constriction

Keywords

  • Dark adaptation
  • Flicker stimulation
  • Neurovascular coupling
  • Oct
  • Optical coherence tomography angiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "Hemodynamic response of the three macular capillary plexuses in dark adaptation and flicker stimulation using optical coherence tomography angiography",
abstract = "PURPOSE. To assess retinal microvascular reactivity during dark adaptation and the transition to ambient light and after flicker stimulation using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS. Fifteen eyes of 15 healthy participants were dark adapted for 45 minutes followed by OCTA imaging in the dark-adapted state. After 5 minutes of normal lighting, subjects underwent OCTA imaging. Participants were then subjected to a flashing light-emitting diode (LED) light and repeat OCTA. Parafoveal vessel density and adjusted flow index (AFI) were calculated for superficial (SCP), middle (MCP), and deep capillary plexuses (DCP), and then compared between conditions after adjusting for age, refractive error, and scan quality. SCP vessel length density (VLD) was also evaluated. Between-condition capillary images were aligned and subtracted to identify differences. We then analyzed images from 10 healthy subjects during the transition from dark adaptation to ambient light. RESULTS. SCP vessel density was significantly higher while SCP VLD was significantly lower during ambient light and flicker compared to dark adaptation. There was a significant positive mean value for DCP “flicker minus dark or light,” suggesting more visible vessels during flicker due to changes in flow, dilation, or vessel recruitment. We found a significant, transient increase in SCP and decrease in both MCP and DCP vessel density during the transition from dark to light. CONCLUSIONS. We show evidence suggesting constriction of deeper vessels and dilation of large SCP vessels during the transition from dark to light. This contrasts to redistribution of blood flow to deeper layers during dark adaptation and flicker stimulation.",
keywords = "Dark adaptation, Flicker stimulation, Neurovascular coupling, Oct, Optical coherence tomography angiography",
author = "Nesper, {Peter L.} and Lee, {Hee Eun} and Fayed, {Alaa E.} and Schwartz, {Gregory William} and Fei Yu and Fawzi, {Amani A}",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1167/iovs.18-25478",
language = "English (US)",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Hemodynamic response of the three macular capillary plexuses in dark adaptation and flicker stimulation using optical coherence tomography angiography

AU - Nesper, Peter L.

AU - Lee, Hee Eun

AU - Fayed, Alaa E.

AU - Schwartz, Gregory William

AU - Yu, Fei

AU - Fawzi, Amani A

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - PURPOSE. To assess retinal microvascular reactivity during dark adaptation and the transition to ambient light and after flicker stimulation using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS. Fifteen eyes of 15 healthy participants were dark adapted for 45 minutes followed by OCTA imaging in the dark-adapted state. After 5 minutes of normal lighting, subjects underwent OCTA imaging. Participants were then subjected to a flashing light-emitting diode (LED) light and repeat OCTA. Parafoveal vessel density and adjusted flow index (AFI) were calculated for superficial (SCP), middle (MCP), and deep capillary plexuses (DCP), and then compared between conditions after adjusting for age, refractive error, and scan quality. SCP vessel length density (VLD) was also evaluated. Between-condition capillary images were aligned and subtracted to identify differences. We then analyzed images from 10 healthy subjects during the transition from dark adaptation to ambient light. RESULTS. SCP vessel density was significantly higher while SCP VLD was significantly lower during ambient light and flicker compared to dark adaptation. There was a significant positive mean value for DCP “flicker minus dark or light,” suggesting more visible vessels during flicker due to changes in flow, dilation, or vessel recruitment. We found a significant, transient increase in SCP and decrease in both MCP and DCP vessel density during the transition from dark to light. CONCLUSIONS. We show evidence suggesting constriction of deeper vessels and dilation of large SCP vessels during the transition from dark to light. This contrasts to redistribution of blood flow to deeper layers during dark adaptation and flicker stimulation.

AB - PURPOSE. To assess retinal microvascular reactivity during dark adaptation and the transition to ambient light and after flicker stimulation using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS. Fifteen eyes of 15 healthy participants were dark adapted for 45 minutes followed by OCTA imaging in the dark-adapted state. After 5 minutes of normal lighting, subjects underwent OCTA imaging. Participants were then subjected to a flashing light-emitting diode (LED) light and repeat OCTA. Parafoveal vessel density and adjusted flow index (AFI) were calculated for superficial (SCP), middle (MCP), and deep capillary plexuses (DCP), and then compared between conditions after adjusting for age, refractive error, and scan quality. SCP vessel length density (VLD) was also evaluated. Between-condition capillary images were aligned and subtracted to identify differences. We then analyzed images from 10 healthy subjects during the transition from dark adaptation to ambient light. RESULTS. SCP vessel density was significantly higher while SCP VLD was significantly lower during ambient light and flicker compared to dark adaptation. There was a significant positive mean value for DCP “flicker minus dark or light,” suggesting more visible vessels during flicker due to changes in flow, dilation, or vessel recruitment. We found a significant, transient increase in SCP and decrease in both MCP and DCP vessel density during the transition from dark to light. CONCLUSIONS. We show evidence suggesting constriction of deeper vessels and dilation of large SCP vessels during the transition from dark to light. This contrasts to redistribution of blood flow to deeper layers during dark adaptation and flicker stimulation.

KW - Dark adaptation

KW - Flicker stimulation

KW - Neurovascular coupling

KW - Oct

KW - Optical coherence tomography angiography

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U2 - 10.1167/iovs.18-25478

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