Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia testing is over-utilized in cirrhosis & correlates with poor clinical outcomes

Karlyn Martin, Leila Kia, Neehar D. Parikh, Laura Kulik, Brandon McMahon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a serious complication seen in hospitalized, medically-ill patients. Evaluation for HIT using a commercially-available ELISA-based test has become increasingly common; however, it does have a high false positive rate. Implications of HIT testing in patients with cirrhosis have not yet been reported. Material and methods. We conducted a single-institution, retrospective review of all patients with cirrhosis admitted over a 29-month period. The student's t-test and the χ2 test were used for comparisons. We performed a stratified survival analysis using Kaplan-Meier and log rank testing. Results. A total of 1,305 patients had a HIT Ab sent during the study period. Of these patients, 106 had cirrhosis and were included in the study. Eighteen (17%) of the patients with cirrhosis were HIT Ab positive and four of the eighteen had a positive Serotonin Release Assay (SRA) confirmatory test. No difference was found in platelet nadir, thrombotic rate, length of stay, and patient survival between patients with positive HIT Ab and negative HIT Ab testing. No consistent treatment was used among patients who were HIT Ab positive, despite hematology service consultation. Patients who were HIT Ab negative were more likely to have undergone liver transplantation compared to those who were positive (27 vs. 5.5%, respectively; p = 0.048). Conclusion. Our data suggest that HIT Ab testing is over-used in patients with cirrhosis and is poorly predictive of outcomes. With a poor positive predictive value, HIT testing may add unnecessary complexity to an already complicated patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)548-554
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Hepatology
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • HIT
  • Survival
  • Thrombosis
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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