Earlier reports have described a novel protein kinase in cells infected with herpes simplex or pseudorabies viruses. These novel enzymes were characterized by their acceptance of protamine as a substrate and by their differential chromatographic behavior in anion-exchange chromatography. We report that this activity was not present in extracts of uninfected cells or of cells infected with a mutant constructed so as to contain a deletion in the US3 open reading frame mapping in the small component of herpes simplex virus 1 DNA. The activity was present in extracts of cells infected with wild-type virus and with a recombinant in which the US3 open reading frame had been rescued. Our results are consistent with the observation reported earlier that the coding sequences predict an amino acid motif common to protein kinases and lead to the conclusion that the US3 open reading frame encodes a virus-specific protein kinase that is not required for virus growth in cells in culture.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science