Heterometallic CeIV/ VVOxo Clusters with Adjustable Catalytic Reactivities

Xingjie Wang, Kieran Brunson, Haomiao Xie, Ian Colliard, Megan C. Wasson, Xinyi Gong, Kaikai Ma, Yufang Wu, Florencia A. Son, Karam B. Idrees, Xuan Zhang, Justin M. Notestein, May Nyman, Omar K. Farha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Heterometallic CeIV/M oxo clusters are underexplored yet and can benefit from synergistic properties from combining cerium and other metal cations to produce efficient redox catalysts. Herein, we designed and synthesized a series of new Ce12V6 oxo clusters with different capping ligands: Ce12V6-SO4, Ce12V6-OTs (OTs: toluenesulfonic acid), and Ce12V6-NBSA (NBSA: nitrobenzenesulfonic acid). Single crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) for all three structures reveals a Ce12V6 cubane core formulated [Ce12(VO)6O24]18+ with cerium on the edges of the cube, vanadyl capping the faces, and sulfate on the corners. While infrared spectroscopy (IR), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) proved the successful coordination of the organic ligands to the Ce12V6 core, liquid phase 51V NMR and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) confirmed the integrity of the clusters in the organic solutions. Furthermore, functionalization of the Ce12V6 core with organic ligands both provides increased solubility in term of homogeneous application and introduces porosity to the assemblies of Ce12V6-OTs and Ce12V6-NBSA in term of heterogeneous application, thus allowing more catalytic sites to be accessible and improving reactivity as compared to the nonporous and less soluble Ce12V6-SO4. Meanwhile, the coordinated ligands also influenced the electronic environment of the catalytic sites, in turn affecting the reactivity of the cluster, which we probed by the selective oxidation of 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES). This work provides a strategy to make full use of the catalytic sites within a class of inorganic sulfate capped clusters via organic ligand introduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21056-21065
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number49
StatePublished - Dec 15 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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