Hf3Fe4Sn4 and Hf9Fe4-xSn10+x: Two stannide intermetallics with low-dimensional iron sublattices

Nicholas P. Calta, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This article reports two new Hf-rich intermetallics synthesized using Sn flux: Hf3Fe4Sn4 and Hf9Fe4-xSn10+x. Hf3Fe4Sn4 adopts an ordered variant the Hf3Cu8 structure type in orthorhombic space group Pnma with unit cell edges of a=8.1143(5) Å, b=8.8466(5) Å, and c=10.6069(6) Å. Hf9Fe4-xSn10+x, on the other hand, adopts a new structure type in Cmc21 with unit cell edges of a=5.6458(3) Å, b=35.796(2) Å, and c=8.88725(9) Å for x=0. It exhibits a small amount of phase width in which Sn substitutes on one of the Fe sites. Both structures are fully three-dimensional and are characterized by pseudo one- and two-dimensional networks of Fe-Fe homoatomic bonding. Hf9Fe4-xSn10+x exhibits antiferromagnetic order at TN=46(2) K and its electrical transport behavior indicates that it is a normal metal with phonon-dictated resistivity. Hf3Fe4Sn4 is also an antiferromagnet with a rather high ordering temperature of TN=373(5) K. Single crystal resistivity measurements indicate that Hf3Fe4Sn4 behaves as a Fermi liquid at low temperatures, indicating strong electron correlation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-137
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016


  • Flux synthesis
  • Intermetallic compounds
  • Magnetism
  • X-ray crystallography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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