High Human Immunodeficiency Virus Incidence and Prevalence and Associated Factors among Adolescent Sexual Minority Males-3 Cities, 2015

Alexandra B. Balaji*, Qian An, Justin C. Smith, Michael Newcomb, Brian Mustanski, Nikhil G. Prachand, Kathleen A. Brady, Sarah Braunstein, Gabriela Paz-Bailey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Much has been written about the impact of human immunodefciency virus (HIV) among young (13-24) sexual minority men (SMM). Evidence for concern is substantial for emerging adult (18-24 years) SMM. Data documenting the burden and associated risk factors of HIV among adolescent SMM (<18 years) remain limited. Methods. Adolescent SMM aged 13-18 years were recruited in 3 cities (Chicago, New York City, and Philadelphia) for interview and HIV testing. We used 2 tests for percentages of binary variables and 1-way analysis of variance for means of continuous variables to assess differences by race/ethnicity in behaviors. We calculated estimated annual HIV incidence density (number of HIV infections per 100 person-years [PY] at risk). We computed Fisher's exact tests to determine differences in HIV prevalence by selected characteristics. Results. Of 415 sexually active adolescent SMM with a valid HIV test result, 25 (6%) had a positive test. Estimated annual HIV incidence density was 3.4/100 PY; incidence density was highest for blacks, followed by Hispanics, then whites (4.1, 3.2, and 1.1/100 PY, respectively). Factors associated with higher HIV prevalence included black race; ≥ 4 male partners, condomless anal sex, and exchange sex in the past 12 months; and a recent partner who was older, black, HIV-infected, or had ever been in jail or prison (P <.05). Conclusions. HIV-related risk behaviors, prevalence, and estimated incidence density for adolescent SMM were high, especially for minority SMM. Our fndings suggest that initiating intervention e?orts early may be helpful in combating these trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)936-944
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 2018

Fingerprint

HIV
Viruses
Incidence
Sexual Minorities
Prisons
Virus Diseases
Risk-Taking
Hispanic Americans
Sexual Behavior
Analysis of Variance
Interviews

Keywords

  • HIV incidence
  • HIV prevalence
  • HIV-related risk behaviors
  • adolescent sexual minority males

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Balaji, Alexandra B. ; An, Qian ; Smith, Justin C. ; Newcomb, Michael ; Mustanski, Brian ; Prachand, Nikhil G. ; Brady, Kathleen A. ; Braunstein, Sarah ; Paz-Bailey, Gabriela. / High Human Immunodeficiency Virus Incidence and Prevalence and Associated Factors among Adolescent Sexual Minority Males-3 Cities, 2015. In: Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2018 ; Vol. 66, No. 6. pp. 936-944.
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abstract = "Background. Much has been written about the impact of human immunodefciency virus (HIV) among young (13-24) sexual minority men (SMM). Evidence for concern is substantial for emerging adult (18-24 years) SMM. Data documenting the burden and associated risk factors of HIV among adolescent SMM (<18 years) remain limited. Methods. Adolescent SMM aged 13-18 years were recruited in 3 cities (Chicago, New York City, and Philadelphia) for interview and HIV testing. We used 2 tests for percentages of binary variables and 1-way analysis of variance for means of continuous variables to assess differences by race/ethnicity in behaviors. We calculated estimated annual HIV incidence density (number of HIV infections per 100 person-years [PY] at risk). We computed Fisher's exact tests to determine differences in HIV prevalence by selected characteristics. Results. Of 415 sexually active adolescent SMM with a valid HIV test result, 25 (6{\%}) had a positive test. Estimated annual HIV incidence density was 3.4/100 PY; incidence density was highest for blacks, followed by Hispanics, then whites (4.1, 3.2, and 1.1/100 PY, respectively). Factors associated with higher HIV prevalence included black race; ≥ 4 male partners, condomless anal sex, and exchange sex in the past 12 months; and a recent partner who was older, black, HIV-infected, or had ever been in jail or prison (P <.05). Conclusions. HIV-related risk behaviors, prevalence, and estimated incidence density for adolescent SMM were high, especially for minority SMM. Our fndings suggest that initiating intervention e?orts early may be helpful in combating these trends.",
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High Human Immunodeficiency Virus Incidence and Prevalence and Associated Factors among Adolescent Sexual Minority Males-3 Cities, 2015. / Balaji, Alexandra B.; An, Qian; Smith, Justin C.; Newcomb, Michael; Mustanski, Brian; Prachand, Nikhil G.; Brady, Kathleen A.; Braunstein, Sarah; Paz-Bailey, Gabriela.

In: Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 66, No. 6, 05.03.2018, p. 936-944.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Balaji, Alexandra B.

AU - An, Qian

AU - Smith, Justin C.

AU - Newcomb, Michael

AU - Mustanski, Brian

AU - Prachand, Nikhil G.

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AU - Paz-Bailey, Gabriela

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N2 - Background. Much has been written about the impact of human immunodefciency virus (HIV) among young (13-24) sexual minority men (SMM). Evidence for concern is substantial for emerging adult (18-24 years) SMM. Data documenting the burden and associated risk factors of HIV among adolescent SMM (<18 years) remain limited. Methods. Adolescent SMM aged 13-18 years were recruited in 3 cities (Chicago, New York City, and Philadelphia) for interview and HIV testing. We used 2 tests for percentages of binary variables and 1-way analysis of variance for means of continuous variables to assess differences by race/ethnicity in behaviors. We calculated estimated annual HIV incidence density (number of HIV infections per 100 person-years [PY] at risk). We computed Fisher's exact tests to determine differences in HIV prevalence by selected characteristics. Results. Of 415 sexually active adolescent SMM with a valid HIV test result, 25 (6%) had a positive test. Estimated annual HIV incidence density was 3.4/100 PY; incidence density was highest for blacks, followed by Hispanics, then whites (4.1, 3.2, and 1.1/100 PY, respectively). Factors associated with higher HIV prevalence included black race; ≥ 4 male partners, condomless anal sex, and exchange sex in the past 12 months; and a recent partner who was older, black, HIV-infected, or had ever been in jail or prison (P <.05). Conclusions. HIV-related risk behaviors, prevalence, and estimated incidence density for adolescent SMM were high, especially for minority SMM. Our fndings suggest that initiating intervention e?orts early may be helpful in combating these trends.

AB - Background. Much has been written about the impact of human immunodefciency virus (HIV) among young (13-24) sexual minority men (SMM). Evidence for concern is substantial for emerging adult (18-24 years) SMM. Data documenting the burden and associated risk factors of HIV among adolescent SMM (<18 years) remain limited. Methods. Adolescent SMM aged 13-18 years were recruited in 3 cities (Chicago, New York City, and Philadelphia) for interview and HIV testing. We used 2 tests for percentages of binary variables and 1-way analysis of variance for means of continuous variables to assess differences by race/ethnicity in behaviors. We calculated estimated annual HIV incidence density (number of HIV infections per 100 person-years [PY] at risk). We computed Fisher's exact tests to determine differences in HIV prevalence by selected characteristics. Results. Of 415 sexually active adolescent SMM with a valid HIV test result, 25 (6%) had a positive test. Estimated annual HIV incidence density was 3.4/100 PY; incidence density was highest for blacks, followed by Hispanics, then whites (4.1, 3.2, and 1.1/100 PY, respectively). Factors associated with higher HIV prevalence included black race; ≥ 4 male partners, condomless anal sex, and exchange sex in the past 12 months; and a recent partner who was older, black, HIV-infected, or had ever been in jail or prison (P <.05). Conclusions. HIV-related risk behaviors, prevalence, and estimated incidence density for adolescent SMM were high, especially for minority SMM. Our fndings suggest that initiating intervention e?orts early may be helpful in combating these trends.

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