The present study investigated if c-MYC and high mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) expression was associated with prognosis of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). A total of 102 patients undergoing surgery for PDAC were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect c-MYC and HMGA2 protein expression in PDAC and peritumoral tissue samples. Expression of c-MYC and HMGA2 was associated with clinicopathological characteristics and prognoses of patients with PDAC using multivariate analysis. HMGA2 and c-MYC protein expression was significantly higher in PDAC tissues compared with peritumoral tissue (P<0.001). HMGA2 and c-MYC expression was also significantly higher in patients with PDAC who had lymph node metastasis, invasion of regional tissues and tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage III or IV disease compared with those who had no lymph node metastasis, no invasion of regional tissues and TNM stage I or II disease (P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify TNM stage (P=0.007) and invasion (P=0.003) as significant independent predictors of c-MYC expression (model AUC=0.8201), and lymph node metastasis (P=0.002) and invasion (P=0.003) as significant independent predictors of HMGA2 expression (model AUC=0.7638). Cox multivariate analysis showed that expression of c-MYC (P=0.019) and HMGA2 (P<0.001), TNM stage (P=0.014) and lymph node metastasis (P=0.032) were associated with reduced overall survival time. HMGA2 and c-MYC may be important biological markers and potential therapeutic targets involved in the tumorigenesis, metastasis, invasion and prognosis of PDAC.
- High mobility group AT-hook 2
- Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research