High-Rate and Large-Capacity Lithium Metal Anode Enabled by Volume Conformal and Self-Healable Composite Polymer Electrolyte

Shuixin Xia, Jeffrey Lopez, Chao Liang, Zhichu Zhang, Zhenan Bao, Yi Cui, Wei Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

The widespread implementation of lithium-metal batteries (LMBs) with Li metal anodes of high energy density has long been prevented due to the safety concern of dendrite-related failure. Here a solid–liquid hybrid electrolyte consisting of composite polymer electrolyte (CPE) soaked with liquid electrolyte is reported. The CPE membrane composes of self-healing polymer and Li + -conducting nanoparticles. The electrodeposited lithium metal in a uniform, smooth, and dense behavior is achieved using a hybrid electrolyte, rather than dendritic and pulverized structure for a conventional separator. The Li foil symmetric cells can deliver remarkable cycling performance at ultrahigh current density up to 20 mA cm −2 with an extremely low voltage hysteresis over 1500 cycles. A large areal capacity of 10 mAh cm −2 at 10 mA cm −2 could also be obtained. Furthermore, the Li|Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 cells based on the hybrid electrolyte achieve a higher specific capacity and longer cycling life than those using conventional separators. The superior performances are mainly attributed to strong adhesion, volume conformity, and self-healing functionality of CPE, providing a novel approach and a significant step toward cost-effective and large-scalable LMBs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1802353
JournalAdvanced Science
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 3 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • high rates
  • lithium dendrites
  • lithium meal anodes
  • self-healing polymers
  • volume conformal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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