High-Resolution Manometry: An Atlas of Esophageal Motility Disorders and Findings of GERD Using Esophageal Pressure Topography

John E. Pandolfino*, Sabine Roman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

High-resolution manometry (HRM) has now become widely available and currently is moving into mainstream clinical practice. This article provides an HRM-related atlas of esophageal motility disorders focused on dysphagia and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Although there is some overlap between esophageal motor disorders associated with dysphagia and the defects and esophageal motor function that would predispose the patient to more severe GERD, this review is organized to differentiate the distinct pathophysiologic components of the two disease groups. A section on impaired bolus transit is also included to highlight the important aspect of impaired clearance in the pathogenesis of GERD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-475
Number of pages11
JournalThoracic surgery clinics
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Dysphagia
  • Esophageal pressure topography
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • High-resolution manometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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