High-resolution mapping of the sodium channel modifier Scnm1 on mouse chromosome 3 and identification of a 1.3-kb recombination hot spot

David A. Buchner, Michelle Trudeau, Alfred L. George, Leslie K. Sprunger, Miriam H. Meisler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Variation between inbred strains of mice can be used to identify modifier genes affecting the susceptibility to inherited disease. The medJ allele of the sodium channel Scn8a contains a splice site mutation that results in sodium channel deficiency. The severity of the neurological disorder is determined by the modifier locus Scnm1. The wild-type allele of the modifier results in correct splicing of 10% of Scn8amedJ pre-mRNA and a dystonic phenotype. The susceptible allele of the modifier in strain C57BL/6J results in 5% correctly spliced transcripts and a lethal phenotype. A mapping cross with C3H using 26 new markers and 2304 affected F2 animals localized the modifier gene to a 950-kb interval on mouse chromosome 3. Fine mapping of recombination breakpoints revealed a recombination hot spot of 1.3 kb. The ratio of genetic to physical distance in the hot spot is 85 cM/Mb, two orders of magnitude higher than the mouse genome average of 0.5 cM/Mb. The role of the modifier in other disorders in human and mouse can be tested with linked markers described here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)452-459
Number of pages8
JournalGenomics
Volume82
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2003

Keywords

  • Modifier gene
  • Nav1.6
  • Neuromuscular disease
  • Pre-mRNA splicing
  • SNP
  • Scn8a

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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