High satisfaction and improved quality of life with Rock Steady Boxing in Parkinson’s disease: results of a large-scale survey

Danielle Larson*, Chen Yeh, Miriam Rafferty, Danny Bega

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Purpose: To compare demographics, self-reported symptom burden, Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL), and Self-Efficacy for Exercise (SEE) between participants and non-participants of Rock Steady Boxing (RSB), a non-contact boxing program for individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD) that focuses on agility, balance, and speed training. Materials and methods: Adults with PD who had heard of RSB completed a 20 min, 61-question electronic survey including the Parkinson’s Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39) and the Self-Efficacy for Exercise (SEE) scale. Differences between participants and never-participants were analyzed using chi-squared test, fisher’s exact test and Wilcoxon test. Results: Of 2054 individuals enrolled in the survey, 1709 were eligible for analysis. 1333 were current participants, 166 previous-participants, and 210 never-participants. RSB participants were median age 69, 59% male, and 97% Caucasian. The majority of current participants reported that RSB improved their social life (70%), fatigue (63%), fear of falling (62%), depression (60%), and anxiety (59%). Compared to previous and never-participants, current participants had better median PDQ-39 scores (36 and 32 vs 25, p < 0.01) and SEE scores (43 and 48 vs 54, p < 0.01). Conclusions: This is the largest survey of RSB use in PD. RSB participants report improvement in non-motor impairments and have significantly better HRQL and ESE compared to never-participants.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a slowly progressive neurodegenerative condition that affects motor function and subsequently, quality of life. Exercise is increasingly recognized as an important treatment for motor and non-motor symptoms of PD. Rock Steady Boxing (RSB) is a specific non-contact boxing program for PD that is growing and increasing in popularity, though there is limited data on its effect on PD symptoms and quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6034-6041
Number of pages8
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Issue number20
StatePublished - 2022


  • Anxiety
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • depression
  • exercise
  • fatigue
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'High satisfaction and improved quality of life with Rock Steady Boxing in Parkinson’s disease: results of a large-scale survey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this