High stability SrTi1-: XFexO3- δ electrodes for oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reactions

Shan Lin Zhang, Dalton Cox, Hao Yang, Beom Kyeong Park, Cheng Xin Li, Chang Jiu Li, Scott A. Barnett*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Sr(Ti1-xFex)O3-δ (STF) has recently been explored as an oxygen electrode for solid oxide electrochemical cells (SOCs). Model thin film electrode studies show oxygen surface exchange rates that generally improve with increasing Fe content when x < 0.5, and are comparable to the best Co-containing perovskite electrode materials. Recent results on porous electrodes with the specific composition Sr(Ti0.3Fe0.7)O3-δ show excellent electrode performance and stability, but other compositions have not been tested. Here we report results for porous electrodes with a range of compositions from x = 0.5 to 0.9. The polarization resistance decreases with increasing Fe content up to x = 0.7, but increases for further increases in x. This results from the interaction of two effects-the oxygen solid state diffusion coefficient increases with increasing x, but the electrode surface area and surface oxygen exchange rate decrease due to increased sinterability and Sr surface segregation for the Fe-rich compositions. Symmetric cells showed no degradation during 1000 h life tests at 700 °C even at a current density of 1.5 A cm-2, showing that all the STF electrode compositions worked stably in both fuel cell mode and electrolysis modes. The excellent stability may be explained by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) results showing that the amount of surface segregated Sr did not change during the long-term testing, and by relatively low polarization resistances that help avoid electrode delamination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21447-21458
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number37
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science


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