Purpose: A primary objective of the fifth National Wilms Tumor Study (NWTS-5) was to identify prognostic indicators for patients with favorable-histology Wilms' tumor. The prognostic significance of telomerase expression level in primary tumor samples was assessed. Patients and Methods: A case-cohort study was conducted involving 291 NWTS-5 registrants. Telomerase activity was measured using the telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP). Expression levels of TERT mRNA (encoding the telomerase catalytic component) and TERC/hTR (the telomerase RNA template) were measured using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: After excluding samples because of lack of viable tumor, RNA degradation, or insufficient clinical information, 244 patients remained for the final analysis (96 with relapse and 148 without relapse). Univariate analysis revealed a positive correlation between relative risk (RR) of relapse and levels of TERT mRNA and TERC expression. For each doubling in TERT mRNA and TERC level, the RR increased by a factor of 1.16 (95% CI, 1.04 to 1.29; P = .01) and 1.35 (95% CI, 1.11 to 1.64; P = .003), respectively. The one third of patients whose tumors had the highest TERC expression level had an RR of 2.06 (95% CI, 1.14 to 3.70; P = .02) compared with patients with the lowest level. TERC expression level remained a significant prognostic indicator in a multivariate analysis adjusting for TERT mRNA, tumor stage, and patient age. TRAP level did not correlate with RR of relapse. Telomerase expression levels were not predictive of overall survival. Conclusion: Telomerase RNA expression level may provide a clinically useful adjunct to the current risk classification schema for favorable-histology Wilms' tumor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research